1919 Ford Model T
The Ford Model T is one of the worlds most historically significant motorcars for multiple reasons, but most importantly for putting the world on wheels. It wasn't the first mass produced car, but the world's first mass produced car to use the assembly line during production, resulting in an 18 year run and 15,000,000 cars. At the very beginning, in 1909, the Model T was a bit more complicated and much more expensive than at the end of production in 1927. For example, the very first Model T's had an exposed valve L head 4 cylinder engine with a water pump, 2 piece timer, 2 lever 2 pedal planetary transmission, an external water inlet tube on top of the cylinder head, solid one piece front axle spindles, complicated Kingston 5 ball carburetors and the list continues. As time elapsed Ford found ways to refine the design of the car. This resulted in simpler designs which benefitted not only production costs and time, but making the Model T that much more user friendly and less expensive, also resulting in more cars being produced each year. So the earlier the car, the fewer examples there are. Because of this, and what many people today don't realize, is almost every month of every year the Model T was produced was different and had details that are specific to the time it was built, so not every Model T is the same. Everything from the way bodies were designed and constructed to certain brackets, axles, wheels, switches, coil boxes, lights etc... all changed by the month. That famous saying: "You can have a Model T in any color as long as it's black" is not 100% true. Beginning in 1909, Model T Touring cars were red and roadsters were grey, in 1910 touring cars were dark green with red pinstripes and roadsters were offered in Green and Grey, 1911 through 1912 cars were dark blue and finally in 1913 Ford made the famous decision to make all cars black. While Cadillac offered a starter in 1912, it wasn't until 1919 that Ford decided to add a starter and generator to his car making the 1919 and newer cars a lot more user friendly.